Addis Ababa March 28/2017 Ethiopia has given much emphasis to develop Science, Technology and Innovation (STI), despite the slow start to its science, technology and innovation policies, Africa Capacity Report 2017 said.
Africa Capacity Report 2017 (ACR 2017) was launched in Addis Ababa and in other seven countries today.
Policies that encourage expansion of STI, such as awards for innovation and 70/30 allocations, have made a big difference in the number of science and technology graduates in Ethiopia, the report noted.
According to Africa Capacity Report 2017, the other important lesson from Ethiopia is improvements in technical and vocational education and training to strengthen human resource development.
The government’s commitment in establishing institutes, such as Ministry of Science and Technology, research institutions, universities and Technical and Vocational Education Training institutions have contributed to the progress.
Ethiopia’s research and development spending as a share of GDP has more than tripled between 2005 and 2013, it was indicated.
At the launching of the report, Industry State Minister Dr. Mebrahtu Meles said science, technology and innovation are essential for socio-economic development in the continent.
The government of Ethiopia has adopted Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy in 2012 with the vision of promoting STI, he added.
Managing Director of the Horn Economic and Social Policy Institute, the producer of the report, Dr. Ali Issa Abdi said STI has crucial role in promoting the ability of African countries to achieve economic transformation and development goals.
He said there is significant improvement in the application of science, technology and innovation in the Africa continent.
“This continent is still not sufficiently equipped in science, technology and innovation so as to become competitive enough in all fields,” the managing director indicated.
Africa Capacity Report 2017 pointed out that recent economic growth of the continent has not, however, translated into the globally recognized STI performance, including competiveness, innovativeness, network readiness and investment in research and development.
The report recommended that Africa tighten links among between universities, government, industry, non-states actors and labor markets to promote STI.
Investment in education in science and technology, engineering, and mathematics is vital for Africa to achieve a critical mass educated human resources, to catalyze innovation and promote competiveness, according to the report.
Africa Capacity Report 2017 stressed that STI has become even more critical for the continent after the adoption of Agenda 2063, Sustainable Development Goals and Africa’s own industrialization strategy.