Expanding Access to Education Helped Ethiopia Reduce Child Labor: ILO

13 Apr 2018
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Addis Ababa April 12/2018 Ethiopia has done a remarkable effort in expanding access to education that lowered the number of children vulnerable to labor as compared to other African countries, International Labor Office (ILO) Country Director George Okutho said.

He added that Ethiopian children are going to school in big numbers as compared to other African countries and a lot remains to be done.

Findings show that non-working children have a higher school attendance rate (63.7%) as compared to children involved in child labor (57.7%), it was learned.

"A National Child Labor Survey: 2015", jointly produced by International Labor Office and Central Statistics Agency (CSA), was launched here today.

"Here in Ethiopia the first child labor survey was conducted since 2001 with the support of ILO," Okutho said, adding that in recognition of this the government through CSA has made efforts to produce comprehensive statistical information on child labor.

According to him, the findings from this survey will no doubt help in formulating policies and programs to eliminate and prevent child labor.

Understanding why the children were working is also very crucial and then you need to look at broader integrated policy that will address this problem, creating awareness can be one , education is another way to keep the children away from child labor and efforts to fight poverty are among the major methods.

The survey showed that there were over 37 million children were in child labor out of the total labor force, while 51 percent of children aged 5-17 years were engaged in economic activities.

It further stated that 94 percent of working children were engaged in agriculture in rural areas and 24 percent in urban areas.

The objective of the study is to show the magnitude, characteristics and main determinates of child labor in the Ethiopia.

The survey revealed that according to ILO data approximately 168 million children aged 5-17 were involved in child labor, with 85 million of them in hazardous work. The highest number of children, that is 72 million, was in Africa.

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