Ethiopia Advances in Mainstreaming Climate Change in Dev't Plan

07 Sep 2017
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Addis Ababa  September 07/2017  Ethiopia is one the most advanced countries in terms of mainstreaming climate change into the planning processes, said African Climate Policy Center (ACPC) Official.

In an exclusive interview with ENA James Murombedzi, Senior Political Affairs Officer, Climate Change with the ACPC said Ethiopia is one of the few countries that have actually developed climate resilient strategy even before the Paris agreement.

 “Ethiopia is one of a few countries actually has developed CRGE strategy before this required by the Paris agreement. So the strategy Ethiopia has developed before 2015 that is great example for rest Africa. That is really what we need to start thinking in providing domestic solution to inform domestic response to the climate change” he said.

The country has faced unpredictable rains and sometimes failure of seasonal rains - problems that are linked to climate change, which in turn left millions to face severe food shortages.

Ethiopia has initiated the Climate-Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) initiative in 2011 to protect the country from the adverse effects of climate change and to build a green economy.

This makes Ethiopia one of the few countries to have formally merged its aims of developing a green economy and greater resilience to climate change under a single policy framework in support of its national development objectives. 

The green development path that the country is pursuing has made the Horn Africannation one of the leading countries in terms of investment in renewable energy including hydro, wind, geothermal and solar. 

By pursuing green development, Ethiopia is aspiring to achieve a middle-income status by 2025 in a carbon neutral way.

The implementation of the sustainable land management program is among the mechanisms aimed to ensure green development.

The Senior Officer commended the program being implemented with the active engagement of the public.

“There are very important lesson to be learn from sustainable land management program that being implemented across many parts rural areas of Ethiopia.”  

Initiated in 2008, the programme is aimed to address two of Ethiopia’s most significant developmental and environmental problems: agricultural productivity and land degradation.

As climate change is affecting efforts of African countries in attaining national development plans and any of SDGs, he emphasized the need to learn from countries with better performance.

Ethiopia has been working to mainstreaming the CRGE into various national programs, said Debasu Bayleyegn, Director General of Climate Change Negotiation Coordinator at Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

He said the Climate Resilient Green Economy strategy laid the foundation for integrated planning to ensure resilience.

Agriculture; forestry; transport; urban development and construction; and industry are among the sectors in which the CRGE has mainstreamed over the past two years, he stated.

 Activities conducted in these sectors are focused on ensuring sustainable economic growth while reducing emission of greenhouse gases.

 He said “If we continue with the normal approach the greenhouse gases emissions will reach 283million [metric] tons at the end of the second Growth and Transformation Plan period. But, as we managed to mainstream the issue, we are working to limit the emissions not to exceed 137 million [metric] tons. It is at a promising level.”

 As checklists and guidelines have already prepared during the first GTP period, Debasu said the sectors have not faced any problems related to mainstreaming environment protection issues.

 The CRGE initiative follows sectoral approach and prioritized more than 60 initiatives, which could help the country achieve its development goals while limiting greenhouse gas emissions.

 Building the green economy in Ethiopia requires an estimated total expenditure of around USD 150 billion over 20 years.

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