Addis Ababa July 18, 2017 The National Green Growth Path Strategy, which allots 30 percent of land for green areas, has been under implementation in the capital city, according to the Environmental Protection Authority of Addis Ababa City Administration.
General Manager of the Authority, Tsegaye Gebremariam stated that the strategy approved in 2016 has set 40/30/30 ratio, which is 40 percent of land for buildings, 30 percent for green areas and 30 percent for infrastructure development in each city across the country.
According to him, the strategy is now under implementation in sub-cities like Lideta in Addis Ababa.
He added that environmental impact assessment requirement for construction has already been in place since 2016. The environmental impact assessment of 385 projects has been accepted while 7 were rejected.
Eco-friendly urban planning strategies are of crucial importance for a viable and sustained urban development, according to Solomon Benti, Lecturer and Environmental planner at the Ethiopian Institute of Architecture, Building Construction and City Development (EiABC).
Unplanned urbanization leads to environmental degradation, pollution, depletion of surface and ground water resources and over utilization of available natural materials, he elaborated.
The lecturer pointed out that green areas are diminishing due to unplanned urbanization, “Due to the absence of green spaces in cities people are suffering from stress,” he added
According to him, planned urban land management and enforcement of strict control, proactive urban development approaches, better coordination of federal, regional and local governments is of critical importance to conduct urban development programs.
Since urbanization is still at its early stage in Ethiopia, it could be effectively controlled, Senior Urban Development Specialist Abebaw Alemayehu said.
The Specialist noted that urban planning has to come ahead of urbanization. Unplanned settlements result in congestion, pollution, and crowded living conditions with no basic sanitary and health services as well as adequate housing.
Abebaw stressed that it is time for Ethiopia to manage urbanization as no country in the world has become a middle income country without urbanization.