Addis Ababa August 11/2017 Nile Basin Commission will be established when three additional Nile Basin countries approve the Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA), Eastern Nile Technical Regional Office (ENTRO) said.
Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Rwanda have ratified CFA for mandatory legal framework for the use of the Nile River in a fair and equitable manner.
Nile Basin Commission will help contribute to fair and equitable utilization of Nile River.
In 1999, Nile Basin countries established the Nile Basin Initiative to fully utilize the Nile River.
Out of these, Ethiopia, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Kenya, and Burundi signed the Nile Cooperation Framework Agreement that establishes the Nile Basin Commission for fair utilization of Nile water resources in 2010.
Eastern Nile Technical Regional Office (ENTRO) Director-General, Fek-Ahmed Negash told ENA that only three riparian countries need to approve the agreement to establish the Nile Basin Commission.
The four countries, namely South Sudan, Burundi, Kenya and Uganda, have accepted the agreement and are in the process of ratifying the agreements; and if three countries ratify the agreement the commission will be established, he noted.
The failure of DR Congo to sign the agreement it accepted and the rejection of Sudan and Egypt could not therefore hinder the establishment of the Nile Basin Commission, Director-General Negash stressed.
Elaborating the significance of the agreement, he said "Nile Basin countries have no legal framework. This will make the countries use the water as they like and this may lead the countries to enter into conflict."
According him, the legal framework will enable the Nile Basin countries to utilize water in a fair and reasonable manner and strengthen their relations.
Addis Ababa University Lecturer and Cross-border Rivers Researcher, Dr.Yaqob Arsano said Sudan and Egypt will not benefit from rejecting the agreement, rather than being harmed as a result.
He added that countries that do not sign the agreement will face problem to use the water in a fair way, while the countries which signed will have national and sovereignty rights to develop it in ways that benefit them.