Addis Ababa September 07/2017 Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn has briefed members of the United Nations Security Council about peace and security in the region, and specifically South Sudan and Somalia today.
During the meeting, the Premier underlined the need for financial support to AMISOM and revitalization of South Sudan peace process.
Financing AMISOM has become very difficult, he said, adding that the international community has to play its role in the issue of peace and stability in Somalia, South Sudan and other areas in general as this situation demands cooperation.
The financial contribution has to be sustainable and dependable, he pointed out.
PM Hailemariam stated that the issue of conflicts in the region need not necessarily be left to Africa. UNSC has also a responsibility as it is a global body that can contribute a lot in this regard.
The Premier noted that IGAD is working on the reviving the South Sudan peace process.
Hailemariam stressed that negotiation is still the priority to end the crisis in the country rather than sanction and other mechanisms.
Members of United Nations Security Council are here to discuss about peace and security in the continent, with particular reference to South Sudan, Somalia and Chad Basin.
Representatives of the 15 member countries of UN Security Council and head of the African Union Peace and Security Council are holding a two-day consultative meeting.
Addis Ababa September 07/2017 Ethiopia is one the most advanced countries in terms of mainstreaming climate change into the planning processes, said African Climate Policy Center (ACPC) Official.
In an exclusive interview with ENA James Murombedzi, Senior Political Affairs Officer, Climate Change with the ACPC said Ethiopia is one of the few countries that have actually developed climate resilient strategy even before the Paris agreement.
“Ethiopia is one of a few countries actually has developed CRGE strategy before this required by the Paris agreement. So the strategy Ethiopia has developed before 2015 that is great example for rest Africa. That is really what we need to start thinking in providing domestic solution to inform domestic response to the climate change” he said.
The country has faced unpredictable rains and sometimes failure of seasonal rains - problems that are linked to climate change, which in turn left millions to face severe food shortages.
Ethiopia has initiated the Climate-Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) initiative in 2011 to protect the country from the adverse effects of climate change and to build a green economy.
This makes Ethiopia one of the few countries to have formally merged its aims of developing a green economy and greater resilience to climate change under a single policy framework in support of its national development objectives.
The green development path that the country is pursuing has made the Horn Africannation one of the leading countries in terms of investment in renewable energy including hydro, wind, geothermal and solar.
By pursuing green development, Ethiopia is aspiring to achieve a middle-income status by 2025 in a carbon neutral way.
The implementation of the sustainable land management program is among the mechanisms aimed to ensure green development.
The Senior Officer commended the program being implemented with the active engagement of the public.
“There are very important lesson to be learn from sustainable land management program that being implemented across many parts rural areas of Ethiopia.”
Initiated in 2008, the programme is aimed to address two of Ethiopia’s most significant developmental and environmental problems: agricultural productivity and land degradation.
As climate change is affecting efforts of African countries in attaining national development plans and any of SDGs, he emphasized the need to learn from countries with better performance.
Ethiopia has been working to mainstreaming the CRGE into various national programs, said Debasu Bayleyegn, Director General of Climate Change Negotiation Coordinator at Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
He said the Climate Resilient Green Economy strategy laid the foundation for integrated planning to ensure resilience.
Agriculture; forestry; transport; urban development and construction; and industry are among the sectors in which the CRGE has mainstreamed over the past two years, he stated.
Activities conducted in these sectors are focused on ensuring sustainable economic growth while reducing emission of greenhouse gases.
He said “If we continue with the normal approach the greenhouse gases emissions will reach 283million [metric] tons at the end of the second Growth and Transformation Plan period. But, as we managed to mainstream the issue, we are working to limit the emissions not to exceed 137 million [metric] tons. It is at a promising level.”
As checklists and guidelines have already prepared during the first GTP period, Debasu said the sectors have not faced any problems related to mainstreaming environment protection issues.
The CRGE initiative follows sectoral approach and prioritized more than 60 initiatives, which could help the country achieve its development goals while limiting greenhouse gas emissions.
Building the green economy in Ethiopia requires an estimated total expenditure of around USD 150 billion over 20 years.
Addis Ababa September 07/2017 Ethiopia is working to inscribe one of its national parks – the Bale Mountains National Park - under UNESCO’s world heritage list, the Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority said.
Wildlife Development and Protection Director with the Authority, Girma Timer told ENA that the country is working to submit the documents required for the registration of the park.
Boundary demarcation, system management plan and a nomination file are the key criteria to be incorporated in the document.
The boundary demarcation and system management plan of the park has already completed and properly documented.
Preparation of the nomination file which will contain detailed information of the park, exceptional resource values, and the significance of the park is under compilation, he underlined.
“After fulfilling the three components, we will submit to the IUCN Advisory Body then the Advisory body will submit it to UNESCO World Heritage committee”, Girma pointed out.
Most of the prerequisites for registration are being finalizing in order to submit the document before February.
“We hope that Bale Mountains National Park will have a better chance to be nominated and registered under UNESCO’s list during the coming two or three years” he said.
The Bale Mountains National Park is a protected area of approximately 2,200 km2 and is located 400km southeast of Addis Ababa in Oromia regional state.
It belongs to the Bale-Arsi massif, which forms the western section of the south-eastern Ethiopian highlands.
The park is the most important stronghold to three endemic large mammal species including Ethiopian wolf, Mountain Nyala and Bale Monkey, while its incredible avifauna is reflected by the African Birding Club having listed it as one of the continent’s top five birding hotspots, according to ETO.
The Bale Mountains ecosystem and its associated diversity of habitats are an internationally recognized centre for endemism and biodiversity, with a quarter of mammals and 6 percent of birds in the area are endemic.
Addis Ababa September 06/2017 Members of United Nations Security Council have arrived here today to discuss about issues of peace and security in the continent, with particular reference to South Sudan, Somalia and Chad Basin.
Representatives of the 15 member countries of UN Security Council and head of the African Union Peace and Security Council will hold the two-day consultative meeting tomorrow.
Head of Ethiopian Mission to the UN and Chairperson of the Month, Ambassador Tekeda Alemu told journalist that agreement was reached between AU and UN in April this year to enhance the partnership of the international bodies in various aspects.
This consultative meeting will further strengthen and deepen the cooperation between the two organizations, he added.
Besides deliberating on the above stated issues, this meeting is expected to discuss about the ways to further strengthen financial support to peace keeping operations.
According to Ambassador Tekeda, UN is keen to strengthen its cooperation with the African Union and IGAD in resolving the crisis in South Sudan.
China's Representative, Liu Jieyi stressed that this is a very important trip by the Security Council members to Africa.
He noted that the Security Council deals with many African issues, and peace and development in Africa mean peace and development in the rest world.
“We are extremely grateful for the way African Union and Sub-Regional Organizations in Africa are working together to seek to resolve peace issues problems in Africa and the Security Council has always been working together with the Africa and regional organizations in Africa and individual countries in Africa,” he stated.
In this meeting “we will know more about how the problems can be better resolved from the African perspective and the Security Council has always been supporting Africa in working out African solutions to African problems.”
Representative of Egypt, Mr. Amr Abdellatif Aboulatta on his part said the role of regional organizations is extremely important as they play key role on issues of peace and development.
“I think this kind of cooperation and coordination is important between the UN and Security Council”, he said.
USA Representative, Michele Sison said “we are here to make sure the situation for the people on the ground improves. The UN and the AU are working to move the political process forward and to ensure protection of civilians on the ground and human rights.”
The bottom-line is making sure that the work we do makes life better on the ground, Sison added.
In addition to the five permanent members, China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, and United States of America, the UN Security comprises ten non-permanent members, elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly. These are Bolivia, Egypt, Ethiopia, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Senegal, Sweden, Ukraine, and Uruguay